A sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber or timber
A sawmill's basic operation is much like those of hundreds of years ago; a log enters on one end and dimensional lumber exits on the other end.
After trees are selected for harvest, the next step in logging is felling the trees, and bucking them to length.
Branches are cut off the trunk. This is known as limbing.
Logs are taken by logging truck, rail or a log drive to the sawmill.
Logs are scaled either on the way to the mill or upon arrival at the mill.
Debarking removes bark from the logs.
Decking is the process for sorting the logs by species, size and end use (lumber, plywood, chips).
A sawyer uses a head saw, head rig or primary saw to break the log into cants (unfinished logs to be further processed) and flitches (unfinished planks).
Depending upon the species and quality of the log, the cants will either be further broken down by a resaw or a gang edger into multiple flitches and/or boards
Edging will take the flitch and trim off all irregular edges leaving four-sided lumber.
Trimming squares the ends at typical lumber lengths.
Drying removes naturally occurring moisture from the lumber. This can be done with kilns or air-dried.
Planing smooths the surface of the lumber leaving a uniform width and thickness.
Shipping transports the finished lumber to market.